Camera perspectives have a supporting effect in the image effect. From an early age, the painters used perspective to underline their intention and image message. It is the same in photography. Cleverly and skillfully used, the right perspective works wonders. The best tips on when to use which perspective in photography can be found here.
The most important camera perspectives at a glance.
- Normal perspective / central perspective
The normal perspective , as the name suggests, is the ordinary, classic perspective of the camera . It is characterized by the fact that you photograph the motif at eye level. We subconsciously choose this camera perspective in 90% of our shots. Why?
Because, firstly, it is convenient to take photos from a standing position. The perspective of the camera is well suited to depict its surroundings as you see them. And secondly, because this camera perspective is ideal for the image effect of portraits, for example, because this way you can meet the other person at eye level .
Image by pixolum photographer capital city light
People also make a conscious decision to take the normal perspective for animal portraits . Photos always look particularly impressive and vivid when the animal looks us in the eye or, respectively, frontally at the camera. The normal perspective is also used in fashion shoots, because from this point of view we can see an image in a manner of speaking and the clothing can be better imagined. Speaking of. Are you familiar with terms such as call step, mood board and storyboard? If not, then familiarize yourself with the first 10 most important steps for a fashion shoot .
- Frog perspective – one of the most popular camera perspectives
Everything that is below normal eye level is called a frog’s perspective. One also speaks of taking photos from below. Photographed from the ground, a flower meadow looks like a real jungle and a rather small skyscraper looks like a skyscraper. Use this effect and use it with very simple motifs – such as when you are photographing flowers.
The frog perspective.
The deviation from the normal perspective leads to a perspective distortion . If you photograph a person from a frog’s perspective, they appear powerful, dominant or even threatening, which is reinforced if you hold the camera at a small angle upwards. The importance of looking into higher spheres comes from epochs when the subjects looked in awe at their ruler on the throne.
An example that has been seen often lately is a low-angle view of the central nave from the back of the church when the bride and groom are walking towards the altar. This camera perspective emphasizes the solemnity of the moment and highlights the central role of the newlyweds.
- Bird’s eye view
If you take a bird’s-eye view of a child in your immediate vicinity , the short distance from the lens to the child’s head will make it look oversized. This camera perspective is also called the top view .
Bird’s eye view for special image effects.
Particularly beautiful motifs and camera perspectives are available when looking out of the window on the plane. But to take a bird’s eye view from a camera, all you have to do is climb a tower or other tall building. The subject appears small and vulnerable while the camera hovers high above the action.
The bird’s eye view is also ideal for city photography.
- Creative perspective
“ Forced perspective” or the creative perspective means imaginative and sometimes funny shots, for example a person in the foreground that straightens the leaning tower of Pisa again or a person in the foreground that holds the setting sun in both hands like a ball. The distance between the motif in the foreground and the motif in the background is used to create completely impossible perspectives.
- Panoramic perspective or “long shot”
With this camera perspective, the camera is wide, nothing interferes with the recording of landscapes, cities or groups of people. The panorama provides an overall view of the whole scene and offers spatial orientation. Read our guide to panoramic photography here .
The long shot – the most important perspective in pano photography.
- Half shot
In the half-long shot (“Medium Close Up”) the background is largely eliminated and the focus is on the subject in the foreground. As a rule, people in the half-long shot are photographed from the waist up. This makes it very easy to show relationships between the people in the picture.
- Close-up / close-up / macro
In the close-up , one of the most popular camera perspectives, a small detail is brought out very big. The correct lighting plays a major role here, because you are often very close to the object. As you’ve probably noticed yourself, this perspective is often used in macro photography .
- Belly button perspective
Have you ever paid attention to the height of the fashion photographer who shot the models in a fashion magazine ? In most cases, the photographer holds the camera in the belly button position and usually works with a focal length of 85 mm. Why? Because by holding the camera correctly in this position, the body is stretched. This flatters the proportions and stretches the legs.
Camera perspectives can emphasize the image effect . You just have to familiarize yourself with the different camera perspectives and sometimes leave the “Comfort Zone” to be rewarded with successful photos.